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 Snow Day Discussion 2/17 3rd Period

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PostSubject: Snow Day Discussion 2/17 3rd Period   Tue Feb 17, 2015 1:42 am

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KatherineCasey3



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PostSubject: Re: Snow Day Discussion 2/17 3rd Period   Tue Feb 17, 2015 8:17 pm

Question:
How did world power shifts contribute to the revolutions in Latin America?
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LydiaArmstrong3



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PostSubject: Re: Snow Day Discussion 2/17 3rd Period   Wed Feb 18, 2015 12:24 am

Answer: The power shifts contributed to the revolutions in Latin America because the idea of independence from the old world and wanting to stop letting European countries control them opened doors to even more ideas and changes that they wanted to occur but didn’t feel like they had the power to change in the past. With the power shift from Latin America being ruled by the Europeans and then moving to independence they now had more freedom, motivating changes and revolutions. One example of what was changing was the new interest in enlightenment ideas. Latin America is now independent and is able to start their society and change whatever aspects they want to.


Question: How did each of the four major people discussed in the video contribute to the revolutions and affect the power shifts?
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ElaineLosekamp3



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PostSubject: Re: Snow Day Discussion 2/17 3rd Period   Wed Feb 18, 2015 12:57 am

All four people led revolutions against European powers. Toussaint Louverture led the first successful slave rebellion, which released Haiti from French control. Miguel Hidalgo was a martyr and symbol of independence who motivated the people of Mexico to stand up against Spain. Jose de San Martin and Simon Bolivar both helped create numerous countries in South America. The actions of these men diverted power from traditionally strong European countries like Spain, Britain, and France.

What was remarkable about Toussaint Louverture?


Last edited by ElaineLosekamp3 on Wed Feb 18, 2015 1:06 am; edited 1 time in total
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KatherineCasey3



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PostSubject: Re: Snow Day Discussion 2/17 3rd Period   Wed Feb 18, 2015 1:05 am

Answer:
The thing that was remarkable about Toussaint L’Oveture was that he was a former slave who rose taught himself how to read and write and then rose to power. He was also the first to lead a successful slave revolt in the western hemisphere. His revolt would lead to the first independent state from Western Europe, which is modern day Haiti.




Question:
Why is the revolution in Haiti different than those in the rest of Latin America? (Geographical, political, and social reasons)


Last edited by KatherineCasey3 on Wed Feb 18, 2015 1:20 am; edited 1 time in total
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LydiaArmstrong3



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PostSubject: Re: Snow Day Discussion 2/17 3rd Period   Wed Feb 18, 2015 1:20 am

Answer: The Haitian revolution was so different than the revolutions occurring in Latin America because of geographical, political, and social reasons. Geographically is differed because it was not connected to Latin America, and it had many resources such as sugar, coffee, indigo, and cotton which attracted the French when they landed here and brought in more slaves (also connects to a social reason). Socially, it was different than other revolts because most of the population were slaves and were not educated therefore were not able to have the power to change anything politically or otherwise. (This connects to political as well). It was harder for the Haitians to stand up and revolt because of their low place in society. Politically, it was different in that they wanted more voting freedom for their people but not all the other specific aspects that they wanted in Latin America.


Question: How did the power shifts from the old world to the new world affect both regions?
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BrileyBarks



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PostSubject: Re: Snow Day Discussion 2/17 3rd Period   Wed Feb 18, 2015 2:37 am

Answer: The power shifts from the old world to the new world effected both regions because in the old world being Europe they lost land which at the time showed power this had an impact on their economy weakening their government and hold on the new world this made it easy for the new world to start revolutions to gain their independence from the old world and prosper on their own.
Question: How did the rigid social structure of Latin America cause problems during the age of revolution?
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KatherineCasey3



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PostSubject: Re: Snow Day Discussion 2/17 3rd Period   Wed Feb 18, 2015 2:43 am

Answer:
The way in which the rigid social structure of Latin America caused problems during the age of revolution was that people of the lower classes began to feel that they had no voice and no power because they could not move from one class to another. In Latin America the Peninsulares, those who were born in Spain, were the top ruling class who held most of the political office positions. The creoles, those of Spanish blood but born in the new world, came next. They also had some amount of political power. Mestizos and mulattos were next in the social hierarchy, and they were the middle class of people such as shopkeepers, and artisans. At the bottom were the native people and the slaves. Within this social hierarchy, there was no movement. Whatever class you were born into you stayed in. As mentioned before, lower classes began to want to have a say and a voice in decisions and in politics, so they began to do things such as rebel and cause revolts. The time of the Latin American Revolution was the time of the middle class, in Latin America mulattos and mestizos, rise to power.



Question:
How did other revolutions and ideologies  influence the recolutions in Latin America?
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allisondavis3



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PostSubject: Re: Snow Day Discussion 2/17 3rd Period   Wed Feb 18, 2015 4:39 am

Answer: Other revolutions and ideas around the world at this time influenced Latin American in how they reacted to Spanish rule. Both the French and the American revolutions motivated the Latin Americas into seeking change like both of these countries did. One idea was the middle class rising up to confront the highest social classes. The enlightenment also had people question and think about the role that they are forced to have in society because of who their descendants were.

Question: What was Toussaint Louverture remembered for and how was he significant to Latin American history?
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hannahbasham3



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PostSubject: Re: Snow Day Discussion 2/17 3rd Period   Wed Feb 18, 2015 4:47 am

Well, he led the first successful slave rebellion in 1791, molded the slaves into a disciplined army that could withstand attacks from the French army. He became an officer of the Spanish military and when slaves were freed, switched alliances to French. So the most successful slave revolt in human history won freedom and citizenship for every slave in the French Caribbean. He steered the colony towards independence, but didn't have much in public opinion because he still wanted most POC on the island growing sugar. And eventually was imprisoned in France and executed by a firing squad or died in prison…different sources say different things.

question: what was the role of the church (if at all)  during all these revolutions?


Last edited by hannahbasham3 on Wed Feb 18, 2015 5:28 pm; edited 1 time in total
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ElaineLosekamp3



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PostSubject: Re: Snow Day Discussion 2/17 3rd Period   Wed Feb 18, 2015 4:48 am

The Catholic church did not play very much of a role in the Latin American Revolutions. Reformers were often influenced by religious motives - one example being Miguel Hidalgo, a Mexican priest and symbol of the struggle for independence - but Enlightenment ideals such as equality were more important. In addition to this, the Catholic church was not directly involved in the revolutions as it had been involved in the colonization and claiming of Central America and South America, several centuries before.

How did relations between various races and ethnic groups affect the Latin American Revolutions?


Last edited by ElaineLosekamp3 on Wed Feb 18, 2015 4:56 am; edited 1 time in total
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allisondavis3



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PostSubject: Re: Snow Day Discussion 2/17 3rd Period   Wed Feb 18, 2015 4:50 am

Answer: Relations between the ethnic groups affected the Latin American revolution greatly. The people in Latin America were divided into social classes based on race. The highest social class was the Peninsulares, who were born in Europe but lived in Latin America. They held all the high positions in society. Compared to the Mestizos and the Mulattoes, who were the lower/middle class in society, the Peninsulares were considered as very high above the Mestizos and Mulattoes and this angered them and caused them to want change. The desire for change led to the revolutions in Latin America.

Question: Explain the big ideas in Latin America in this time period.
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Christina West 3

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PostSubject: Re: Snow Day Discussion 2/17 3rd Period   Wed Feb 18, 2015 10:52 pm

Answer:
The first big idea was social problems as there was a lack of social mobility in Latin America. This made it impossible for anyone who wasn't one of the peninsulares to get a high position and there was a general social rigidness. Social agitation rose from this and more people pushed for revolution, especially the middle class mestizos and mulattos. Another big idea was power shifts. France is lowered from internal struggles during the French Revolution, England loses to the USA, and Spain starts to lose land and wealth. This allowed the New World to rise above the Old World. The final big idea is caused from the two, revolutions in Latin America as people struggle for independence.

Question: Explain the significance of Gran Colombia and who created it.


Last edited by Christina West 3 on Thu Feb 19, 2015 12:07 am; edited 2 times in total
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ElizabethPeterson3

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PostSubject: Re: Snow Day Discussion 2/17 3rd Period   Wed Feb 18, 2015 11:04 pm

Gran Columbia was created by Simon Bolívar. Simon ruled as a governor in Gran Columbia. Its significance was its break away from the Spanish Crown. This helped with the push to get European control out of the South America and the New World.

Question: What role did Toussaint Louverture play in Haitian development?
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Christina West 3

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PostSubject: Re: Snow Day Discussion 2/17 3rd Period   Thu Feb 19, 2015 12:30 am

Answer:
Toussaint L’Overture played a huge role in Haitian development. He lead the first successful slave revolt against Napoleon and France. He was the reason Haiti gained independence and became the independent republic of Haiti in 1804. It was the first former slave state to be established in the western hemisphere.

Question: What were four external events that impacted political thought in Latin America and how did they impact?
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katrina.powell

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PostSubject: Re: Snow Day Discussion 2/17 3rd Period   Thu Feb 19, 2015 1:00 am


There are four events that majorly impacted the political thought in Latin America. The first events are the French and American Revolutions. These revolutions fueled the Latin American Revolutions. They showed that with a little unification the middle class could gain more power. Second, is the social class structure. This structure was very complex and rigid. People were born into their class and had little to no chance at moving up socially. This frustrated many of the lower class citizens since they made up most of the population they should have more power. Third is the Age of Enlightenment. The Enlightenment age motivated people in Latin America to think and improve. It made people question the government and apply reason. Last is the event of power shift between the old world and the new world. The countries in the old world are loosing land in the Americas and wealth and becoming weak. This gives the Latin Americans a chance to revolt.

Why was Toussaint Couverture important in the Haitian revolution and how did his action make history?


Last edited by katrina.powell on Thu Feb 19, 2015 1:44 am; edited 1 time in total
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hannahbasham3



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PostSubject: Re: Snow Day Discussion 2/17 3rd Period   Thu Feb 19, 2015 1:16 am

So without realizing it, I basically held the same question twice. So I’ll try to elaborate a bit more. Toussaint Louverture led the first successful slave rebellion in 1791, molded the slaves into a disciplined army that could withstand attacks from the French army. He became an officer of the Spanish military and when slaves were freed, switched alliances to French. So the most successful slave revolt in human history won freedom and citizenship for every slave in the French Caribbean. He steered the colony towards independence, but didn't have much in public opinion because he still wanted most POC on the island growing sugar. And eventually was imprisoned in France and executed by a firing squad or died in prison… again different sources say different things. If you watch them “Haitian Revolutions” crash course, John Green will explain how such and such led to this, that, and other and Napoleon sold Thomas Jefferson Louisiana, and that’s how former slaves in Louisiana gave America “all this” [aka the Louisiana Purchase] I think that makes history, don’t you?

Which Latin American social class would agree with the communist manifesto and why?


Last edited by hannahbasham3 on Fri Feb 20, 2015 4:08 am; edited 1 time in total
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katrina.powell

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PostSubject: Re: Snow Day Discussion 2/17 3rd Period   Thu Feb 19, 2015 1:19 am

I think that the Mestizos and the Mulattoes would be the ones to agree with the communist manifesto. The Mestizos and Mulattoes like the proletariats are the working class people. They make up the majority of the population and do all the work. They don’t have much property and aren’t respected very well by the upper classes. The Mestizos and Mulattoes are the common people who don’t live in the city. Just like the proletariats the Mestizos and Mulattoes want to overthrow the Creoles and Peninsulares, who are like the Bourgeois. They feel like they are mistreated by the Creoles and Peninsulares.

What were the different motivations for the many Latin American Revolutions?
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Mackenzieevans3



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PostSubject: Re: Snow Day Discussion 2/17 3rd Period   Thu Feb 19, 2015 1:54 am

HOLD

Describe who the creoles are.
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Mackenzieevans3



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PostSubject: Re: Snow Day Discussion 2/17 3rd Period   Thu Feb 19, 2015 1:55 am

The different motivations were the social powers, enlightenment, and the power shift from the old to the new world.
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ashlyoberst3



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PostSubject: Re: Snow Day Discussion 2/17 3rd Period   Thu Feb 19, 2015 2:40 am

HOLD

Question: what were the motivations for colonies to break away from their mother countries
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ashlyoberst3



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PostSubject: Re: Snow Day Discussion 2/17 3rd Period   Thu Feb 19, 2015 2:43 am

The Creoles are the people born of European or African decent in the West Indies or parts of French or Spanish American
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JonathanCrothers3



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PostSubject: Re: Snow Day Discussion 2/17 3rd Period   Thu Feb 19, 2015 2:51 am

1. Local colonization impacted politics because bigger regions around them kept growing and gaining more power.
2. The fall of gran Columbia made a bunch of separate political states
3. The peninsulares were given the high government jobs when they cam over from Spain into Latin America.
4. If you were born in Latin America you were not allowed to be a peninsulares and could not take over a high government job.

^^^too Christina wests question
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JonathanCrothers3



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PostSubject: Re: Snow Day Discussion 2/17 3rd Period   Thu Feb 19, 2015 2:55 am


What are some differences between the Hatian revolution and the Latin America revolution?
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JonathanCrothers3



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PostSubject: Re: Snow Day Discussion 2/17 3rd Period   Thu Feb 19, 2015 2:58 am

Colonies wanted to break away from their mother countries because they wanted to be their own state with their own rules. The didn't want to be told what to do by a greater force.

^^^^to mckenzie Evans question
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